4 November 2021
The City of Cape Town must review and amend all by-laws that criminalise homelessness without just cause. This was one of over 150 recommendations in a report into homelessness commissioned by the City.
The more than 400-page report was compiled by The Inkathalo Conversations (TIC). It criticises the local government’s current response to homelessness and questions its processes that produced the recent changes to City by-laws. It should be noted that the report was expected to be released over a year ago.
Recent changes to the City’s by-laws, passed on 29 September, appear to run contrary to the report’s recommendations, particularly those that fine homeless people for refusing offers of shelter.
The report covers eight general areas, including the criminalisation of homeless people, and the institutional drivers of homelessness. It also features “special reports” on what it calls homeless tax, and on the controversial Strandfontein Camp that was established by the City for local homeless people as a response to the Covid pandemic.
The report’s recommendations largely focused on amending the City’s 2013 Street People Policy, but also offered suggestions for national and provincial governments’ responses to homelessness.
Some of these include:
The report states, “It is our hope that the various role players … in the sector will take time to digest the report and provide their input …”
Ndifuna Ukwazi is currently litigating against the City in relation to its homeless by-laws.
The City has recently announced that it will approach the Constitutional Court to secure eviction orders against homeless tent encampments in the City, which are currently barred under the current Disaster Management Act.
Much of the report’s content is from the testimony of people who responded to the call for submissions. These include homeless and formerly homeless people, people working for homelessness relief and support organisations, and government officials.
According to the report, on 31 July 2020, “The City of Cape Town, through the office of Councillor Zahid Badroodien [Mayoral Committee Member for Community Services and Health], requested The Inkathalo Conversations to facilitate an independent ‘pre-public participation process’ that would provide recommendations that would improve the City’s policies and strategies to address homelessness.”
The Inkathalo Conversations did not respond to GroundUp’s questions by time of publication, so it is unclear what the precise legal status of the group is, its funding or what the City’s commitment to the outcomes were.
City Spokesperson Luthando Tyhalibongo told GroundUp, “The City is reviewing the Street People Policy, and will review the [report] during the process. More communication on the Street People Policy will be released by the incoming Mayoral Committee Member.”